Saturday, September 5, 2009

~*~A Lawyer and a Farmer~*~

A big city lawyer went duck hunting in rural North Cowra . He shot and dropped a bird, but it fell into a farmer's field on the other side of a fence.

As the lawyer climbed over the fence, an elderly farmer drove up on his tractor and asked him what he was doing. The litigator responded, "I shot a duck and it fell in this field, and now I'm going to retrieve it."

The old farmer Peter replied, "This is my property, and you are not coming over here."
The indignant lawyer said, "I am one of the best trial lawyers in Australia and, if you don't let me get that duck, I'll sue you and take everything you own."

The old farmer smiled and said, "Apparently, you don't know how we settle disputes in North Cowra . We settle small disagreements like this with the 'Three Kick Rule'.

The lawyer asked, "What is the 'Three Kick Rule'?"

The Farmer replied, "Well, because the dispute occurs on my land, I get to go first. I kick you three times and then you kick me three times and so on back and forth until someone gives up."

The lawyer quickly thought about the proposed contest and decided that he could easily take the old codger. He agreed to abide by the local custom.

The old farmer slowly climbed down from the tractor and walked up to the attorney. His first kick planted the toe of his heavy steel-toed work boot into the lawyer's groin and dropped him to his knees!
His second kick to the midriff sent the lawyer's last meal gushing from his mouth. The lawyer was on all fours when the farmer's third kick to his rear end, sent him face-first into a fresh cow pie.

Summoning every bit of his will and remaining strength the lawyer very slowly managed to get to his feet. Wiping his face with the arm of his jacket, he said, "Okay, you old fart. Now it's my turn."

(I love this part)

The old farmer smiled and said, "Nah, I give up. You can have the duck."

When you are educated, you'll believe only half of what you hear.  
When you're intelligent, you'll know which half.

Tuesday, September 1, 2009

~*~How our inner Ego sometimes misjudges a PERSON~*~

How our inner Ego sometimes misjudges a PERSON 

A lady in a faded grey dress and her husband, dressed in a home-spun suit walked in timidly without an appointment into the Harvard University President's outer office. The secretary could tell in a moment that such backwoods, country hicks had no business at Harvard and probably didn't even deserve to be in Harvard. 

"We want to see the President "the ma n said softly. 
"He'll be busy all day "the secretary snapped. 
"We'll wait" the lady replied.

For hours the secretary ignored them, hoping that the couple would finally become discouraged and go away. They didn't and the secretary grew frustrated and finally decided to disturb the president.. 
"Maybe if you see them for a few minutes, they'll leave" she said to him. The President, stern faced and with dignity, strutted toward the couple. 
The lady told him "We had a son who attended Harvard for one y ear. He loved Harvard. He was happy here. But about a year ago, he was accidentally killed. My husband and I would like to erect a memorial to him, somewhere on campus." 
The president wasn't touched....He was shocked. "Madam "he said, gruffly, " we can't put up a statue for every person who attended Harvard and died. If we did, this place would look like a cemetery." 
"Oh, no," the lady explained quickly” We don't want to erect a statue. We thought we would like to give a building to Harvard." 

The president rolled his eyes. He glanced at the gingham dress and homespun suit, and then exclaimed, "A building! Do you have any earthly idea how much a building costs? We have over seven and a half million dollars in the physical buildings here at Harvard." 
For a moment the lady was silent. The president was pleased. Maybe he could get rid of them now. The lady turned to her husband and said quietly, "Is that all it costs to start a university ? Why don't we just start our own?" 
Her husband nodded. The president's face wilted in confusion and bewilderment. Mr. and Mrs. Leland Stanford got up and walked away, traveling to Palo Alto, California where they established the University that bears their name: -StanfordUniversity, a memorial to a son that Harvard no longer cared about. 
Most of the time we judge people by their outer appearance, which can be misleading. And in this impression, we tend to treat people badly by thinking they can do nothing for us. Thus we tend to lose our potential good friends, employees or customers. 
In our Life, we seldom get people with whom we want to share & grow our thought process. But because of our inner EGO we miss them forever. 
It is you who have to decide with whom you are getting associated in day to day life. 
Small people talk about others, 
Average people talk about things,  
Great people talk about ideas. 

Tuesday, August 4, 2009

~*~Vibrent GUJARAT~*~

Our State of GUJARAT Situated in western India and bordering Pakistan , Gujarat is among Indias most prosperous states. 

Its per capita GDP is 2.4 times the Indian average. 

Gujaratis GDP growth rate is 10.6% and India can not achieve 8 percent Growth rate without Gujarat getting closer to 12% growth rate. 

If it was a nation it would have been 67th richest nation in the world above many European and Asian economies like Taiwan and Ukraine . 

Gujarat holds many records in India for economic development: 
20% of India 's Industrial Output 
80% of India 's Diamond Production 
9% of India 's Mineral Production 
50% of India 's Natural Gas Production 
54% of India 's Crude Oil Production 
22% of India 's exports 
24% of India 's textile production 
45% of India 's pharmaceutical products 
35% of India 's Sponge Iron Production 
47% of India 's petrochemical Production 

The world's largest ship breaking yard is in Gujarat near Bhavnagar at Alang. 

Reliance Petroleum Limited, one of the group companies of Reliance Industries Limited founded by Dhirubhai Ambani operates the oil refinery at Jamnagar which is the world's largest grass roots refineries. 

Gujarat ranks first nationwide in gas-based thermal electricity generation with national market share of over 8% and second nationwide in nuclear electricity generation with national market share of over 1%. 

Over 20% of the S&P CNX 500 conglomerates have corporate offices in Gujarat 

Over 35% of the stock market wealth of India is with Gujarati People. 

In recent Forbes magazine list of 10 richest Indian people four are Gujarati - Mukesh Ambani, Anil Ambani, Azim Premji and Tulsi Tanti

Over 60% of Indian Population in North America is Gujarati. An average income of a Gujarati family in North America is three times more than the average income of an American family. 

Gujarat is having the longest sea shore compared to any other Indian state 

Gujarat is having the highest no. of operating airports in India (Total 12). 

India 's 16% of Investment are from Gujarat .. 

Gujarat is having highest no. of vegetarian people compared to any other state in India .. 

The first ALL VEG PIZZA-HUT was opened in Ahmedabad 

Ahmedabad “ the commercial capital of Gujarat is the seventh largest city in India .. 

Surat is the fastest growing city in the world. 

Gandhinagar is the Greenest Capital City in whole Asia 

Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad(IIMA) is Asia 's 1st and world's 45th ranked management college located in Ahmedabad, Gujarat . 

Gujarat is the safest state as the Crime rate of it is 8.2 which is the least in India stated by India Today 2005 report. 

Gujarat is having least crime against women among all Indian states where AP is 1st, Delhi is 2nd , Bihar is 3rd , Zarakhand is 4th and UP is 5th. 

Ahmedabad which is the seventh largest city in India is the lowest in crime rate among all Tier-I and Tier-II cities of India as per National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) report. 

Ahmedabad is ranked 2nd in Real Estate - Ahead of Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Mumbai & Delhi. 

Ahmedabad is ranked 3rd in Policy Initiatives - Ahead of Bangalore, Chennai, Calcutta, Mumbai & Delhi... 

Ahmedabad is ranked 4th in Manpower - Ahead of Bangalore, Chennai, Mumbai & Delhi. 

Percent of man-days lost in Gujarat due to labor strike are lowest in country - just 0.52% 

It is the first state to implement the BOT law for encouraging private sector participation 
The first state to have to fully functional LNG terminal 

Gujarat has 33 approved SEZs 

Gujarat is the first state to interconnect 20 rivers 

It is the first state to provide uninterrupted 24hr 2 phase electricity to all villages 

It is the only state with statewide gas grid 

It is currently implementing statewide water distribution grid that will connect all 14,000 villages and all cities 

It has largest e-governance network in Asia Pacific 

Its agricultural production has been increased four-fold in five years (from USD 2 Billion in 2001-2002 to 7.5 Billion in 2005-2006) 

In every corner of Gujarat , within the range of 25 KMs there is a development going on. 

Operation WHITE FLOOD (MILK) was initiated in Gujarat by Dr. Kurien which took India in 1998 to become highest milk producer in the world. 

Consumption of GOLD in Gujarat is highest in India .. 

Largest number of immigration & emigration is done from Gujarat .. 

Also highest Numbers of passports are issued from Gujarat . 

Baroda gas project - bringing natural gas to every home - More than 35 years ago they installed pipelines to bring natural gas to every kitchen. 

AMUL - NDDB another achievement for Gujarat - it was just fantastic to see how they collected milk early morning from every village in Gujarat . The villagers would line up at 3 in the morning at the milk collection centers!!! What a sight! 

According to a recent study by the Reserve Bank of India, the country's central bank, Gujarat stood first in the country with investments of US$17.8 billion in 2006-07 or 25.8% of India 's total investment of $69 billion during the year.The southern state of Andhra Pradesh stood a distant second having attracted $6.1 billion in 2006-07. 

Gujarat moved up from second place in 2005-06 having tripled its investments in a year.. 

A report in Times of India describes the Gulf of Kutch as India 's ' Gulf of Riches '. Four top business houses - Reliance Industries, Essar Group, Adani Group and Tata Group, have invested about $34 billion along the Gulf of Kutch's 700-kilometer long coastline. Other corporate, which had invested over $3.26 billion since the 2001 earthquake have investments worth another $19.5 billion in the pipeline. 

Ten special economic zones (SEZs) near Jamnagar , a 4000-megawatt power project and five private shipyards are coming up. And massive expansion is being undertaken of the Mundra and Kandla ports. 

Gujarat 's 41 ports handle 80% of India 's port traffic and 20% of its cargo. It is estimated that by 2015, Gujarat 's ports will handle 39% of India 's cargo. 

Not only has Gujarat unseated Maharashtra as India 's number one investment destination but also, it is threatening to dislodge Mumbai, Maharashtra 's capital and the financial and business capital of India , as the trade gateway to the country.. 

Mundra port where Indian Oil Corporation and Hindustan Petroleum are setting up giant oil storage capacities has already emerged as India 's largest private oil storage tank farm. 

Sixty percent of India 's coal imports enter via Mundra port. Mundra's importance is likely to soar further with the completion of mega power plants being set up by Adanis and Tatas. 

The volume of cargo handled by Mundra and Kandla ports alone has outstripped that handled by Mumbai's ports - the Mumbai Port Trust and the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust. 

And now Gujarat is nursing ambitions of dislodging Mumbai as India 's financial hub. Its government recently announced the setting up of an international financial services center, the Gujarat International Finance Tech-City with an investment outlay of $6 billion in Ahmedabad. 

Forbes Magazine published list of Top 20 Self-Made Business-Men from Asia The list includes 6 men from India and out of 6 three are Gujarati - Tulsi Tanti, Gautam Adani and Uday Kotak... 


jai jai garvi Gujarat

Saturday, August 1, 2009

~*~Zimbabwean Inflation [Current Affairs]~*~

Zimbabwean Inflation
(Current Affairs) 

This is what it looks like in Zimbabwe. Inflation is at 231,000,000% a year has meant 25 million Zimbabwe dollars equals to just 1 US dollar.

The pictures below look funny, but the story is really sad....

Visiting the neighborhood grocery shop!

Some pocket money!

Awesome price tag: A t-shirt or trouser cost 2.765 billion Zimbabwean Dollars

This is how people pay in restaurants.

The bill of course!

The 100 billion dollar note in circulation!

Zimbabwe's $100 billion banknote with the number of eggs it could purchase on its release date.

They are now releasing a 100 TRILLION banknote... If you want to feel like a trillionaire for a few days, a holiday to Zimbabwe will surely give you that feeling!

ZMD 1 trillion = $33 USD.

In 1980, ZMD was equivalent to British pounds and nowwwww!!!!! !!

This is what we call Hyper Inflation!

Wednesday, June 24, 2009

Tuesday, March 31, 2009

~*~Building India: 49-O in Constitution of India - "I VOTE NOBODY"~*~

Information must be known by everyone in INDIA - 49-O in Constitution of India - "I VOTE NOBODY"  
Source - http://en.wikipedia .org/wiki/ 49-O 
Did you know that there is a system in our constitution, as per the 1969 act, in section " 49-O" that a person can go to the polling booth, confirm his identity, get his finger marked and convey the presiding election officer that he doesn't want to vote anyone! 
Yes such a feature is available, but obviously these leaders have never disclosed it. 
This is called "49-O". 
Why should you go and say " I VOTE NOBODY"... because, in a ward, if a candidate wins, say by 123 votes, and that particular ward has received "49-O" votes more than 123, then that polling will be cancelled and will have to be re-polled. Not only that, but the candidature of the contestants will be removed and they cannot contest the re-polling, since people had already expressed their decision on them. 
This would bring fear into parties and hence look for genuine candidates for their parties for election. This would change the way; of our whole political system.... it is seemingly surprising why the election commission has not revealed such a feature to the public.... 

Seems to be a wonderful weapon against corrupt parties in India ... show your power, expressing your desire not to vote for anybody, is even more powerful than voting... so don't miss your chance. So either vote, or vote not to vote (vote 49-O)... 
Use your voting right for a better INDIA

Monday, March 23, 2009

~*~I am an Indian~*~


































Wednesday, March 18, 2009



The school reopened in June, 

And we settled in our new desks and 


When we queued up in book depot, 

And got our new books

and notes! 

When we wanted two Sundays and no Mondays, yet 

managed to line up daily for the morning prayers.. 

We learnt writing with 

slates and pencils, and

Progressed To fountain pens and ball pens and then Micro tips! 

When we began drawing with crayons and evolved to

Color pencils and finally sketch pens! 

When we started calculating 

first with tables and then with 

Clarke's tables and advanced to 

Calculators and computers! 

When we chased one another in the 

corridors in Intervals, and returned to the classrooms 

Drenched in sweat! 

When we had lunch in classrooms, corridors, 


under the trees and even in cycle sheds! 

When all the colors in the world, 

Decorated the campus on the Second Saturdays!

When a single P.T. period in the week's Time Table,

Was awaited more eagerly than the monsoons! 

When cricket was played with writing pads as bats, 

And Neckties and socks rolled into balls! 

When few played 

'kabadi' and 'Kho-Kho' in scorching sun, 

While others simply played

'book cricket' in the 

Confines of classroom! 

Of fights but no conspiracies, 

Of Competitions but seldom jealousy! 

When we used to 

watch Live Cricket telecast,

In the opposite house in Intervals and Lunch breaks! 

When few rushed at 3:45 to 

'Conquer' window seats in our School bus! 

While few others had 'Big Fun', 'peppermint' ,

'kulfi', ' milk ice !' and 'sharbat !' at 4o Clock! 

Gone are the days 

Of Sports Day, 

and the annual School Day , 

And the one-month long 

preparations for them. 

Gone are the days 

Of the stressful Quarterly, 

Half Yearly and Annual Exams, And the most 

enjoyed holidays after them! 

Gone are the days 

Of tenth and twelfth standards, when 

We Spent almost the whole year writing revision tests!

We learnt, 

We enjoyed,

We played,

We won, 

We lost, 

We laughed,

We cried, 

We fought,

We thought.

With so much fun in them, so many friends, 

So much experience, all this and more! 

Gone are the days 

When we used 

to talk for hours with our friends!

Now we don't have time to say a `Hi'! 

Gone are the days 

When we played games on the road!

Now we 

Code on the road with laptop! 

Gone are the days 

When we saw stars Shining at Night! 

Now we see stars when our code doesn't Work! 

Gone are the days 

When we sat to chat with Friends on grounds! 

Now we chat in chat rooms......! 

Gone are the days 

Where we 

studied just to pass! 

Now we study to save our job! 

Gone are the days 

Where we had no money in our pockets and still fun filled on our hearts!! 

Now we have the atm as well as credit card but with an empty heart!! 

Gone are the days 

Where we shouted on the road! 

Now we don't shout even at home 

Gone are the days

Where we got lectures from all!

Now we give lectures to all... like the one I'm doing now....!! 

Gone are the days 

But not the memories, which will be 

Lingering in our hearts for ever and ever and 

Ever and ever and ever ..... 

Gone are the Days.... But still there are lot more Days to come in our Life!! 




EXISTS...... ...

Tuesday, March 10, 2009

~*~Do's and Don't's while using the INTERNET~*~

Do's and Don't's while using the INTERNET

With hacking, viruses and what-have-you attacking your computer, here is a list of do's and don'ts that you should enforce when you are using your machine… 


* DO use passwords that are difficult to guess. Choose a password that uses a combination of characters, numbers and symbols. 

* DO change your password regularly. 

* DO use an antivirus program on your computer and keep it up to date. 

* DO use an anti-spyware program and be sure to run it on a regular basis. 

* DO apply operating system software patches to your computer. 

* DO turn off your computer when you don't expect to use it for an extended period of time, such as just before you leave work. 

* DO lock your workstation, if possible, when you're not using it. 

* DO be aware of scams and hoaxes. 

* DO make a backup of your important data and keep it in a safe place. 

* DO use a VPN when using remote access to your work computer or when using wireless technology. 

* DO use a personal firewall where applicable, such as a PC. 

* DO use your commonsense, if you get a bad feeling about something, it probably is. 

* DON'T write down your passwords to remember them (and don't tape them on your computer monitor). 

* DON'T set your computer to remember your passwords when accessing specific web sites or applications. 

* DON'T use auto fill programs to automatically fill in your personal information on web sites. 

* DON'T open any emails with any of the following subject lines: Test, hi, hello, Mail Delivery System, Mail Deliver Failed, Mail Transaction, Failed, Unable to Deliver (mail, message, etc), Server Report, Status, Error, Urgent, Or anything else that even "feels" like it's urging you to hurry up and open this email. 

* DON'T open attachments if you are unsure of the sender. 

* DON'T leave your computer unlocked when you are away. 

* DON'T leave your computer turned on overnight. 

* DON'T install unknown programs on your computer. 

* DON'T use file sharing programs or download copyrighted material to your computer. 

* DON'T use illegal or pirated software.

Saturday, March 7, 2009

~*~Is India a poor country - Revelation of Swiss Bank Accounts~*~

Revelation of Swiss bank accounts
This is so shocking.......If black money deposits was an Olympics event.... India would have won a gold medal hands down. The second best Russia has 4 times lesser deposit. U.S. is not even there in the counting in top five! India has more money in Swiss banks than all the other countries combined!
Recently, due to international pressure, the Swiss government agreed to disclose the names of the account holders only if the respective governments formally asked for it. Indian government is not asking for the marks for guessing why?
We need to start a movement to pressurise the government to do so! This is perhaps the only way, and a golden opportunity, to expose the high and mighty and weed out corruption!
Is India poor, who says? Ask the Swiss banks. With personal account deposit bank of $1,500 billion in foreign reserve which have been misappropriated, an amount 13 times larger than the country's foreign debt, one needs to rethink if India is a poor country?
DISHONEST INDUSTRIALISTS, scandalous politicians and corrupt IAS, IRS, IPS officers have deposited in foreign banks in their illegal personal accounts a sum of about $1500 billion, which have been misappropriated by them. This amount is about 13 times larger than the country's foreign debt.. With this amount 45 crore poor people can get Rs 1,00,000 each. This huge amount has been appropriated from the people of India by exploiting and betraying them. Once this huge amount of black money and property comes back to India , the entire foreign debt can be repaid in 24 hours. After paying the entire foreign debt, we will have surplus amount, almost 12 times larger than the foreign debt. If this surplus amount is invested in earning interest, the amount of interest will be more than the annual budget of the Central government. So even if all the taxes are abolished, then also the Central government will be able to maintain the country very comfortably.
Some 80,000 people travel to Switzerland every year, of whom 25,000 travel very frequently. 'Obviously, these people won't be tourists. They must be travelling there for some other reason,' believes an official involved in tracking illegal money. And, clearly, he isn't referring to the commerce ministry bureaucrats who've been flitting in and out of Geneva ever since the World Trade Organisation (WTO) negotiations went into a tailspin!
Just read the following details and note how these dishonest industrialists, scandalous politicians, corrupt officers, cricketers, film actors, illegal sex trade and protected wildlife operators, to name just a few, sucked this country's wealth and prosperity. This may be the picture of deposits in Swiss banks only. What about other international banks?
Black money in Swiss banks -- Swiss Banking Association report, 2006 details bank deposits in the territory of Switzerland by nationals of following countries:
 U.K. $390 BILLION

Now do the math's - India with $1,456 billion or $1.4 trillion has more money in Swiss banks than rest of the world combined. Public loot since 1947:
Can we bring back our money? It is one of the biggest loots witnessed by mankind -- the loot of the Aam Aadmi (common man) since 1947, by his brethren occupying public office. It has been orchestrated by politicians, bureaucrats and some businessmen.
The list is almost all-encompassing. No wonder, everyone in India loots with impunity and without any fear. What is even more depressing in that this ill-gotten wealth of ours has been stashed away abroad into secret bank accounts located in some of the world's best known tax havens. And to that extent the Indian economy has been stripped of its wealth. Ordinary Indians may not be exactly aware of how such secret accounts operate and what are the rules and regulations that go on to govern such tax havens. However, one may well be aware of 'Swiss bank accounts,' the shorthand for murky dealings, secrecy and of course pilferage from developing countries into rich developed ones.
In fact, some finance experts and economists believe tax havens to be a conspiracy of the western world against the poor countries. By allowing the proliferation of tax havens in the twentieth century, the western world explicitly encourages the movement of scarce capital from the developing countries to the rich. In March 2005, the Tax Justice Network (TJN) published a research finding demonstrating that $11..5 trillion of personal wealth was held offshore by rich individuals across the globe.
The findings estimated that a large proportion of this wealth was managed from some 70 tax havens. Further, augmenting these studies of TJN, Raymond Baker -- in his widely celebrated book titled 'Capitalism's Achilles Heel: Dirty Money and How to Renew the Free Market System' -- estimates that at least $5 trillion have been shifted out of poorer countries to the West since the mid-1970.
It is further estimated by experts that one per cent of the world's population holds more than 57 per cent of total global wealth, routing it invariably through these tax havens. How much of this is from India is anybody's guess.
What is to be noted here is that most of the wealth of Indians parked in these tax havens is illegitimate money acquired through corrupt means. Naturally, the secrecy associated with the bank accounts in such places is central to the issue, not their low tax rates as the term 'tax havens' suggests. Remember Bofors and how India could not trace the ultimate beneficiary of those transactions because of the secrecy associated with these bank accounts?

Tuesday, March 3, 2009

~*~5-Are we friendly with our life?~*~

Other green materials

  * Raw vegetable peelings from your kitchen
  * Tea bags and leaves, coffee grounds
  * Young green weed growth – avoid weeds with seeds
  * Soft green prunings
  * Animal manure from herbivores eg cows and horses
  * Poultry manure and bedding

'Browns' or carbon rich ingredients - slow to rot
Torn up newspaper and junk mail make good dry material

  * Cardboard eg. cereal packets and egg boxes
  * Waste paper and junk mail, including shredded confidential waste
  * Cardboard tubes
  * Glossy magazines – although it is better for the environment to pass them on to your local doctors’ or dentists' surgery or send them for recycling
  * Newspaper – although it is better for the environment to send your newspapers for recycling
  * Bedding from vegetarian pets eg rabbits, guinea pigs – hay, straw, shredded paper, wood shavings
  * Tough hedge clippings
  * Woody prunings
  * Old bedding plants
  * Bracken
  * Sawdust
  * Wood shavings
  * Fallen leaves can be composted but the best use of them is to make leafmould

Other compostable items

  * Wood ash, in moderation
  * Hair, nail clippings
  * Egg shells (crushed)
  * Natural fibres eg. 100% wool or cotton

Do NOT compost

  * Meat
  * Fish
  * Cooked food
  * Coal & coke ash
  * Cat litter
  * Dog faeces
  * Disposable nappies

How do I make my compost?

You can make compost simply by adding compostable items to a compost heap when you feel like it. It will all compost eventually but may take a long time and if the mix is unbalanced, may not produce a very pleasant end product. With a little extra attention you could improve things dramatically. If you want to produce more compost in a short time, and are able to put more effort into it, follow the 'HOT HEAP' route.
An ideal mix

To make good compost you need a more or less equal amount of 'greens' and 'browns' by volume. You can also include small amounts of the 'other ingredients' listed in the What can I compost section.

The Cool! heap route


  Try, if possible, to collect enough compost materials to make a layer of at least 30cm or more in the compost bin. Weed the garden, mow the lawn, empty the kitchen bucket! Mix in some straw, woody prunings, scrunched up cardboard packaging eg cereal boxes – this helps create air spaces within the heap. It may help if you place a few woody plant stems or small twigs on the bottom first as this will improve the air circulation and drainage.

  Continue to fill the container as and when you have ingredients. If most of what you compost is kitchen waste, mix it with egg boxes, toilet roll middles and similar household paper and cardboard products to create a better balance.

  When the container is full - which it may never be as the contents will sink as it composts - or when you decide to, stop adding any more. Then either just leave it to finish composting (which could take up to a year) or go to Step 4.

  Remove the container from the material, or the material from the container – whichever you find easiest. If the lower layers have composted, use this on the garden. Mix everything else together well. Add water if it is dry, or add dry material if it is soggy. Replace in the bin and leave to mature.

The Hot! heap route


  Gather enough material to fill your compost container at one go. Some of this may have been stored in a cool heap and have started to rot slightly. Make sure you have a mixture of soft and tough materials.

  Chop up tough items using shears, a sharp spade (lay items out on soil or grass to avoid jarring) or a shredder.

  Mix ingredients together as much as possible before adding to the container. In particular, mix items, such as grass mowings and any shredded paper, which tend to settle and exclude air, with more open items that tend to dry out. Fill the container as above, watering as you go.

  If you have the energy, give the heap a good mix several times.
  Give the heap a good mix
  Within a few days, the heap is likely to get hot to the touch. When it begins to cool down, or a week or two later, turn the heap. Remove everything from the container or lift the container off and mix it all up, trying to get the outside to the inside. Add water if it is dry, or dry material if it is soggy. Replace in the bin.

  The heap may well heat up again; the new supply of air you have mixed in allows the fast acting aerobic microbes, ie those that need oxygen, to continue with their work. Step 4 can be repeated several more times if you have the energy, but the heating will be less and less. When it no longer heats up again, leave it undisturbed to finish composting.

A hybrid route

There’s nothing wrong with doing a bit of both. Fill your heap as you create waste (as for the cool method), then turn it when you have time. This will help it heat up. You can turn it as much or as rarely as you please – the more often you turn the heap, the quicker your compost will be ready.
When is it ready?

Compost can be made in as little as six to eight weeks, or, more usually, it can take a year or more. In general, the more effort you put in, the quicker you will get compost.

When the ingredients you have put in your container have turned into a dark brown, earthy smelling material, the composting process is complete. It is then best left for a month or two to 'mature' before it is used. Don't worry if your compost is not fine and crumbly. Even if it is lumpy, sticky or stringy, with bits of twig and eggshell still obvious, it is quite usable. It can be sieved before using if you prefer. Any large bits can be added back into your new compost heap.

Compost hints & tips

Autumn leaves

These can be added to your compost heap but the best use of them is to make leafmould. Stuff wet leaves into black plastic sacks (loosely tied), or an open wire mesh container. The resulting leafmould is ready to use after a year or two.

Grass mowings

Mix well with browns to avoid a slimy mess. Alternatively, leave on the lawn whenever possible - they will soon disappear and feed the grass; this will not cause 'thatch'. Can also be mixed into a leafmould heap, or used directly as a soil mulch.

Diseased plants

Plant materials suffering from soil-borne diseases such as clubroot and white rot should not be added to a compost heap. Anything else can be safely composted in a hot heap. Diseases that don’t need living matter to survive, such as grey mould, mildews, and wilts, may survive in a cold heap. But heat is not the only factor that will kill diseases: the intense microbial activity in a compost heap also helps to dispose of them. Some diseases, such as tomato and potato blight need living plant tissue to survive and will not last long without it. It is fine to add foliage suffering from these diseases to your hot or cold compost heap.

If in doubt, leave it out. Problem materials can be sent to your local council green waste recycling facility where the composting methods are hot enough to kill any problem organisms. – .

Garden Organic members can get specific advice from the Information Team - see our factsheet on Using the advisory service for full details.

Access to this factsheet requires members' password.
Find out more about Garden Organic membership here.

Perennial weeds

Some perennial weeds will be killed in a hot heap; avoid really persistent horrors such as celandine, docks, bulbous buttercup, ground elder and bindweed. Don't burn or dump these weeds - they are rich in plant foods. Mix with grass mowings in a plastic sack. Tie it up and leave for a few months until the weeds are no longer recognisable, then add to the compost heap. Or send them to your local council green waste recycling facility where the composting methods are hot enough to kill them off.

Weed seeds

Weed seeds may survive a cool heap, but should be killed in a hot one. If your finished compost tends to grow weeds, dig it in rather than spreading it on the soil surface.

Hedge clippings and prunings

Chop or shred tough prunings and clippings from evergreen hedges before adding to a mixed compost heap. Compost large quantities separately; even unshredded they will compost eventually. Mix with grass or other activating material; water well. Tread down the heap, then cover. In anything from a few months to a few years you will have a coarse mulch which can be used on perennial beds.

Garden Organic members can more information in our factsheet What can I do with woody garden waste?

Access to this factsheet requires members' password.
Find out more about Garden Organic membership here.

Animal manures

Strawy horse and cattle manure composts well. Manure mixed with wood shavings should be left to rot until the shavings have decomposed. If it is dry, water well and mix with grass mowings, poultry manure or other activating (ie ‘green’ or nitrogen rich) material. When rotted use as a surface mulch.

Small pets, like hamsters, don't produce many droppings but you can still use their waste as a strawy addition to the compost heap. Guinea pigs are marvellous - they love eating weeds and convert them quickly to prime compost material!

Paper products

Newspaper can be added to a compost heap, but in any quantity it should go for recycling into more paper. Cardboard, paper towels and other paper items can be scrunched up and composted. They are particularly useful where kitchen scraps make up a high proportion of the compost ingredients. Glossy paper takes a long time to rot down. Coloured inks are quite safe to compost.

Sawdust and wood shavings

Very slow to decay. Raw or uncomposted wood shavings incorporated into the soil can lock up soil nitrogen, making it unavailable for plants for a year or more. Add in small quantities; balance with quick-to-rot activating materials. See also 'Animal manures' above. Do not use if treated with wood preservatives. 

Friday, February 6, 2009

~*~पति ने बनाया पत्नी का मंदीर~*~

सायद दुनिया का ये पहला किस्सा हे जहा पति ने अपनी प्यारी सी पत्नी की याद मे उसके गुजर जाने के बाद प्यारका मंदिर बनाया हो.सेलिब्रिटी के प्यार के किससे तो आम चर्चा मे रहते हे,यहातक की ख्यात लोगो के पत्नी प्रेम कीबाते भी मीडिया मे उच्छलती रहती हे चाहे वो सच्ची हो या फिर ख्यात लोग हे और उनके बारे मे अच्छा ही लिखनेकी आम बात से प्रभावित हो के लिखा हो. प्रेमिका की याद मे ताजमहल,मंदिर या महालय तो बनते ही हे,जैसे हमजानते हे अमिताभ बच्चन या फिर रजनीकांत जैसे अभिनेता के भी मंदिर बने हे. मगर यहा जो बात करने जा रहाहू वो एक आम श्रमिक पति ने अपनी पत्नी की याद मे बनाए मंदिर की हे.

जहा पढ़े लिखे इंसान तू तू में में मे अपनी ज़िंदगी गुज़ार देते हे...वहा एक मज़दूरी से अपना पेट पालने वाले इंसानसे क्या उमीद की जा सकती हे. अपना उल्लू सीधा करने के लए लोग एक दूसरे का ईस्तमाल करते हे ऐसे हालात मेगुजरात के छोटे से कस्बे का रहने वाला दिनेश गोस्वामी प्यार की उँचाई को आसमान तक लहरा रहा हे. जाम्जोध्पुर मे ट्रांसपोर्ट से मालासामान उतारने का और रेक्डी खींच के मज़दूरी करनेवाला ये इंसान प्यार कीगहराई को कितनी आसानी से नाप चुका हे. जो ना बड़ी बड़ी बाते करता हे ना उसे अपने नाम को उँचा करना हे. वोजीता ही प्यार मे हे और तभी वोही बना सकता हे एक प्यार का मंदीर अपनी पत्नी की याद मे. दिनेशगिरी गोस्वामीकी पत्नी का 2 साल पहले देहांत हो गया. उनकी पत्नी के मृत्यु के बाद उनके सर पर अपने 2 पुत्र और घर कीज़िम्मेवारी आन पड़ी. आर्थिकि स्थिति भी काफ़ी कमजोर थी. दो वक्त की रोटी के जुगाड़ मे ही रत ये इंसान मज़दूरीके साथ अपने बचो का भी ख़याल रखता था. इतना ही नही उसके दिल मे अपनी पत्नी के प्रति जो प्यार था वो भीबढ़ता जाता था जो इस दुनिया मे नही रही मगर उनके दिल मे हमेशा ज़िंदा थी. दिनेषभाई को अपनी पत्नी के प्रतिबहुत ही प्यार था और इसी प्यार ने उन्हे अपनी पत्नी का स्मृति मंदिर बनाने पे मजबूर किया.

वो कहते हे की मेरी पत्नी मूज़े इस जीवन सफ़र मे मजधार मे छोड के चल बसी मगर मे उसके प्यार को भूल नहीपाया हू और उसकी याद इतनी तीव्रता से महसूस करता हू की जैसे भगवान के विरह मे भक्त का हो. और इस लिएमैने तय किया की मे मेरी पत्नी का स्मृति मंदिर मेरे ही गाँव मे बनाउ. और ऐसे बना ये स्मृति मंदिर जिसमे उनकीपत्नी की खूबसूरत मूर्ति लगी हे और हररोज उसकी पूजा अर्चना होती हे.

जब ये किस्सा सुना दिल खुशी से झूम उठा...प्यार किसी से भी हो मगर सॅचा हे तो इंसान अपने प्यार के लिएकुच्छ भी कर गुजरता हे प्लेटोनिक लव प्यार का सुंदर एहसास जो ज़िंदगी जीने का बल देता हे.....हम जानते हे कीये सिर्फ़ एहसास हे मगर ऐसा लगता हे की जिसे हम चाहते हे वो हमारे पास हे और वही एहसास ज़िंदगी को रंगीनबना देते हे गम का साया भी अगर पड़ जाए तो प्यार का एहसास गम को भुला के ज़िंदगी को खुशी से भर जाताहे.

Monday, January 26, 2009

~*~Journey of Indian Republic~*~

Journey of Indian Republic

58 years back, a salute of 21 guns and the unfurling of the Indian National flag by Dr. Rajendra Prasad heralded the historic birth of the Indian Republic on January 26, 1950; 894 days after our country became a dominion following withdrawal of British Rule. Since then, every year the day is celebrated with great pride and happiness all over the nation. The transition of India from a British colony to a sovereign, secular, and democratic nation was indeed historical. It was a long journey of around two decades that started with the conceptualization of the dream in 1930 to its actual realization in 1950. A look into the journey that led to the birth of Indian Republic will make our celebrations more meaningful.  

Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress 

The seeds of a republican nation were sowed at the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress at the midnight of 31st December 1929. The session was held under the presidency of Pt. Jawarhar Lal Nehru. Those present in the meeting took a pledge to mark January 26 as "Independence Day" in order to march towards realizing the dream of complete independence from the British. The Lahore Session paved way to the Civil Disobedience movement. It was decided that January 26, 1930 would be observed as the Purna Swaraj (complete Independence) Day. Many Indian political parties and Indian revolutionaries from all over the country united to observe the day with honour and pride.
Indian Constituent Assembly Meetings 

The Indian Constituent Assembly, which was constituted as a result of the negotiations between the Indian leaders and members of the British Cabinet Mission, had its first meeting on December 9, 1946. The Objective of the Assembly was to give India a constitution, which would serve a lasting purpose and hence appointed a number of committees to thoroughly research the various aspects of the proposed constitution. The recommendations were discussed, debated and revised many times before the Indian Constitution was finalized and officially adopted three years later on November 26, 1949. 
Constitution came into force 

Though India became a free nation on August 15, 1947, it enjoyed the true spirit of Independence on January 26, 1950 when the Constitution of India finally came into force. The Constitution gave the citizens of India the power to govern themselves by choosing their own government. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, took oath as the first President of India at the Durbar Hall in the Government House and this was followed by the Presidential drive along a five-mile route to the Irwin Stadium, where he unfurled the National Flag. 
Ever since the historic day, January 26 is celebrated with festivities and patriotic fervor all around the country. The day owes its importance to the constitution of India that was adopted on this day. On this Republic Day, read what the great Constitution of India, that propounds liberal democracy, has in its store. Let's also feel proud in pronouncing what the Preamble to our Constitution says.

 Did you know?
 With 395 Articles and eight Schedules, the Indian Constitution is the largest written constitution in the world.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of Independent India, in his special message to his countrymen, on the birth of the Indian Republic, said: 

"We must re-dedicate ourselves on this day to the peaceful but sure realization of 
the dream that had inspired the Father of our Nation and the other captains and 
soldiers of our freedom struggle, the dream of establishing a classless, 
co-operative, free and happy society in 'his country'. We must remember 
that this is more a day of dedications than of rejoicing - dedication to t
he glorious task of making the peasants and workers the toilers and 
the thinkers fully free, happy and cultured."  

C. Rajagopalachari, His Excellency the Governor-General in a broadcast talk from the Delhi 
Station of All-India Radio on Jan 26, 1950 said: 

"On the eve of my laying down office, with the inauguration of the Republic, I 
should like to tender my greetings and best wishes to the men and women of India 
who will henceforth be a citizen of a republic. I feel deeply thankful for the affection 
showered on me by all sections of the people, which alone enabled me to hear 
the burden of an office to the duties and conventions of which I had been 
an utter stranger."

Friday, January 9, 2009

4-Are we friendly with our life?

How to make compost

Making and using compost is the cornerstone of organic gardening.

The finished product is rich, dark, crumbly and sweet-smelling. It is made of recycled garden and kitchen waste, and can also include paper products. It is used to feed and condition the soil and in making potting mixes. Around 40 per cent of the average dustbin contents are suitable for home-composting so it helps cut down on landfill too.

Making compost is often considered to be complex but all you need to do is provide the right ingredients and let nature do the rest – however, a little know-how will help you make better compost, more efficiently.

Where do I make my compost?

There are a variety of bins on the market but they are all just a container for the composting process. A bin is not strictly necessary – you can just build a heap and cover it over with some polythene or cardboard. However, bins do look neater and are easier to manage. You can build your own, buy one from any number of suppliers, including The Organic Gardening Catalogue, or get one cheaply from your local council – contact the Waste and Recycling Department at your local council for more information or visit the recycle now website:

Garden Organic members can find out about making or buying a compost bin or box in our factsheets:

  * Building a Compost Box
  * Buying a Compost Box

Access to these factsheets requires members' password.
Find out more about Garden Organic membership here.

The ideal compost bin is:

  * easily accessible
  * has no gaps in the sides and may be insulated with cardboard or straw
  * has a lid or cover

And is located:

  * in a sunny or semi-shaded position
  * directly on the soil or turf

  * away from water-courses

What can I compost?

  * Anything that was once living will compost, but some items are best avoided. Meat, dairy and cooked food can attract vermin and should not be home-composted.
  * For best results, use a mixture of types of ingredient. The right balance is something learnt by experience, but a rough guide is to use equal amounts by volume of greens and browns (see below).
  * Some things, like grass mowings and soft young weeds, rot quickly. They work as 'activators', getting the composting started, but on their own will decay to a smelly mess.
  * Older and tougher plant material is slower to rot but gives body to the finished compost - and usually makes up the bulk of a compost heap. Woody items decay very slowly; they are best chopped or shredded first, where appropriate.

Compost ingredients
'Greens' or nitrogen rich ingredients
Grass cuttings

  * Urine (diluted with water 20:1)
  * Comfrey leaves
  * Nettles

  * Grass cuttings